Police dogs are working dogs used by police in their work.Â Police dogs can be of any breed, even crossbreed.Â Most common is that they are one of the traditional working dog breeds.Â The most common use is as protective dogs (dogâ€™s patrol / surveillance dogs) used in emergency and order service.Â Police dogs can also have different specializations that sniffer dogs (tracking dogs / person search dogs), ID dogs and search dogs as sniffer dogs and drug dogs or with specialties likhundar (cadaver dogs / forensic search dogs) or ignition source dogs.Â In Sweden, some precincts even mountain rescue dogs.
10 Facts you Probably did not Know about Police Dogs
01) Today there are aboutÂ 400 police dogsÂ in use in Sweden.Â ApproximatelyÂ 70%Â of these areÂ German Alsatian dogs,Â andÂ 20%Â areÂ Belgian Shepherds / MilionisÂ .Â Other breeds used are Australian Kelpie, Border Terrier, Boxer, Cocker Spaniel, Doberman, Flat-Coated Retriever, Dutch Shepherd Dog, Labrador Retriever, Rottweiler and springer spaniel.
02) All dogs used by the police must have undergoneÂ an aptitude testÂ and be approved in the tests to take focus.Â Patrol dogsÂ (or OVS dogs) must be approved onÂ tjÃ¤nstbarhetsprov.Â Dog handlers and the dogs then undergoÂ annual tests.Â Handlers and dogs get anÂ eight-week basic trainingÂ at the Police Dog Service in Carlsberg.Â The dogs tend to be fully trained byÂ two years of ageÂ and remain in office until they are aboutÂ ten years.Â BetweenÂ one-fifthÂ and oneÂ -fourthÂ of drivers’ working dog is used to continuouslyÂ train theÂ dog.
03) Speaking of the United States again;Â where it does not belong at all unusual for future police dogs retrieved from theÂ old shelter,Â then trained.Â Police dogs have been used in the US sinceÂ 1907,Â when the K9 strength in New York City was the first in the country.
04) In the US, police dogs sinceÂ 2014Â in theÂ federal legal protectionÂ and the attacking or injuring a police horse or police dog getÂ 1000 US dollarsÂ Â in fines and up toÂ ten years in prisonÂ .Â The law came about after the drug dealers systematically tried toÂ damageÂ police dogs at the crackdown.
05) Police dogs had been crucial in the search for survivors theÂ 11 september 2001, whenÂ the World Trade CenterÂ was attacked in the United States.Â At first the dogs, however, difficult to locate survivors, and the police were on their ownÂ hideÂ among rasorna to be found by sniffer dogs, just because the motivation would be kept alive by police dogs.
06) Persians, Greeks, Babylonians and Assyrians were theÂ first culturesÂ on this planet that used police and military dogs.Â EuropeanÂ countries began to use out of tracking dogs in the police for alreadyÂ 200 yearsÂ ago – long before the United States.
07) The dogs owned byÂ the National PoliceÂ or ofÂ individual officersÂ with specific agreements.Â The dogs live with the drivers and their families.Â Anyone who wants to become a dog handler must have at leastÂ two years ofÂ service as a police officer.
08) A hundnos has aboutÂ 10,000Â better sense of smell than we humans have.Â They can smell out whether someone isÂ buriedÂ up to the fullÂ 3.5 metersÂ under the earth – alive or not.
09) Sweden imported its first two police dogs already inÂ 1910Â from Hamburg, Germany.Â But it was not until theÂ 1950sÂ that dog patrols gained momentum in this country.Â In Sweden, there are no guidelines that a dog must beÂ purebredÂ to become a police dog, even ifÂ the majorityÂ today it is.
10) Most countries’ dog squads within the police got their breakthrough afterÂ World War II,Â Especially when many German Alsatian dogs were used in the military.Â Then they quickly discovered theirÂ potential, they have after the war has become a major part of police patrols around the whole world.