Continuing the previous article titled ” Valentine’s Day – Valentine’s Day “, and then we will discuss about the history of Valentine’s Day , myth Valentine’s Day or the origin of Valentine’s Day. According to various sources on the net , it was Valentine’s Day (Valentine’s Day) has a history that is ambiguous. Allegations circulating several versions below:
History Of Valentine’s Day – Valentine’s Day Myths
Origins of Valentine’s Day :
Valentine’s Day celebration is one of the Roman pagan feast day (pagan), where idolatry is their religion since more than 17 centuries ago. Valentin celebration is an expression of the Roman pagan religion of love of their god.
The celebration of Valentine’s Day has its historical roots in the form of some of the stories passed down through generations in the Romans and the Christians their heirs. The most famous story about its origin is that the ancient Romans believed that Romulus (founder of Rome) suckled by a she-wolf, and the wolf gave him the physical strength and intelligence of the mind. The Romans commemorate this event by mid-February each year with a magnificent memorial.
Among the ritual is to slaughter a dog and a goat, then dilumurkan blood to the two young men who have the physical strength. Then the two washed off the blood with milk. After that began a large parade with two young men in front of a group. Both bring two pieces of leather they use to grease everything they encounter. The Roman women deliberately overlooking the drenched it with pleasure, because they believed that they would be blessed with fertility and easy delivery.
The history of Valentine’s Day I :
According to the calendar dates of ancient Athens, the period between mid-January to mid-February is the month of Gamelion, dedicated to the sacred marriage of Zeus and Hera. You know it Zeus? The father-nye hercules.
In ancient Rome, February 15 is the feast of Lupercalia, a celebration of Lupercus, the god of fertility, which represented half-naked and dressed in goat skin. As a purification ritual, the priests of Lupercus victims goat to the gods, and after drinking wine, they would run around the streets of Rome holding pieces of sheepskin and touching anyone they met on the road. Some experts history say this as one of the reasons the forerunner of Valentine’s Day.
The history of Valentine’s Day II :
According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, the name Valentinus allegedly could refer to three martyr or saint (saints) are different, namely the following:
- priest in Rome
- bishop of Interamna (modern Terni)
- martyr in the Roman province of Africa.
The relationship between the three martyrs with the feast of love (Valentine) is not clear. Even Pope Gelasius I, in 496, stating that in fact nothing is known about these martyrs but the February 14 feast day set as memorial saint Valentine. Some say that Pope Gelasius I accidentally set it to outperform the feast of Lupercalia, celebrated on February 15.
Skeletal remains unearthed from the tomb of St. Hyppolytus, identified as the remains of St. Valentinus. Then put in a chest of gold and sent to the church Whitefriar Street Carmelite Church in Dublin, Ireland. The bodies were given to them by Pope Gregory XVI in 1836. Many tourists are now on pilgrimage to this church on Valentine’s Day (February 14) , where crates of gold carried in a procession and brought to a high altar. On that day made a special Mass was held and presented to the young people and those who are in a relationship of love.
This feast is removed from the Church calendar in 1969 as part of a broader effort to remove saints whose origin -muasalnya unclear, dubious and only based on a legend. But this feast is still celebrated in certain parishes.
The history of Valentine’s Day III :
The first recorded association feast day of St. Valentine with romantic love is in the 14th century in England and France, where it is believed that February 14 is the day when the birds find a partner for mating. This belief is written on paper writer named Geoffrey Chaucer’s Middle English. He wrote in a story Parlement of Foules (Conversations Birds) that:
For this was sent on Seynt Valentyne’s day (That this was sent on the day of St. Valentine) Whan every foul Cometh ther to choose his mate (When all the birds come there to choose his partner)
In those days it is common for lovers to exchange notes on Valentine’s Day and call pair Valentine them. A Valentine’s card are derived from the 14th century is said to be part of the manuscript collection of the British Library in London. Most likely many legends about the saint Valentine was created in this era. Some of them told me that:
- The evening before Valentine saint will die as a martyr (shaheed), he has written a small declaration of love he gave to his prison warden says “From Valentinusmu”.
- When the Roman soldiers were forbidden to marry by the Emperor Claudius II, St. Valentine secretly helped marry them secretly.
In most versions of these legends, February 14 is associated with miscarriage as a martyr.
History of Valentines Day IV :
The story of St. Valentine
Valentine was a priest who lived in Rome in the third century. He lived in the kingdom which was led by the Emperor Claudius notorious. He hates this emperor very much. Claudius ambition has a large military force, he wants all the men in his kingdom joined dalamya.
But unfortunately, this desire is not supported. The men are reluctant to engage in warfare. Because they did not want to leave her family and lover. This made Claudius furious, he immediately ordered his officials to do a crazy idea.
Claudius thought that if men do not get married, they will be happy to join the military. Then Claudius forbade their marriage. The young couple then consider this decision is unreasonable. Hence St. Valentine refused to do so.
St. Valentine still carrying out his duties as pastor, the married couples in love though in secret. This action is known by the emperor who immediately gave him a warning, but he was ignored and still bless the marriage in a small chapel lit only by candlelight.
Until one night, he was caught bless one couple. The couple managed to escape, but the hapless St. Valentine caught. He was thrown into prison and sentenced to death by beheading. Instead of being insulted by the people, St. Valentine even visited by many people who support the action. They threw flowers and messages of support at the windows prison where he was detained.
One of the people who believe in love it is the daughter of the prison guard himself. The father allow his daughter to visit St. Valentine. Not infrequently they talked for a long time. The girl grow back the spirit of the preacher. He agreed that the St. Valentine has done the right thing eh benul correct alias.
On the day he was beheaded alias beheaded, which is dated February 14 do not know what year, St. Valentine took time to write a message to the jailer’s daughter girl was, he wrote The Love of Valentinemu.
Messages that are then changed everything. Now every year on February 14 in various parts of the world people celebrate it as the day of love. People who celebrate this day to remember St. Valentine as a warrior of love, while the emperor Claudius is remembered as someone who tried to get rid of love.
From all origins or history above can be concluded that the ” day valentineÂ has a background that is not clear at-once “, both from the story and the time of occurrence (note the occurrence of history over centuries despite being the same name). What do you think?
The above article entitled ” History of Valentine’s Day – Valentine’s Day Myths – Origins of Valentine’s Day ” quoted from various sources.