10 Facts about Empire State Building you did not know

The Empire State Building is a skyscraper and office building at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street in Manhattan, New York, United States. The construction began in 1929 and was inaugurated just two years later; May 1, 1931. The building has 102 floors and 381 meters high (449 meters including the spire and the radio tower). The name comes from the nickname of New York State called “The Empire State “. Have you perhaps been there and enjoying the view? Anyway, here ten facts you should know about Skyscraper!

10 Facts about Empire State Building you did not know

01)  The steel beams were so fresh they were still warm when they arrived …

In Pittsburgh, a total of 50,000 steel beams with an accuracy of 3 mm . These were transported by ship and train to New York and some columns were, after eight hours of transport, still warm. The building was created a complex vertical rail system and with the help of a precise timetable found no delivery trucks or construction workers wait.

02)  Construction of the skyscraper was record time …

The entire Empire State Building was built in the space of one year and 45 days. During certain times created 14 floors in the space of ten days, on average was 4.5 floors clear per week . It is four times as fast as the construction of modern skyscrapers like the Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur and Taipei 101 in Taiwan.

Empire State Building

03)  From 3:30 in the morning until 16:30 in the afternoon …

More than 3400 workers with a salary of $ 1.92 per hour was employed on the construction site, just 3439 in August 1930 when productivity was at its highest. Particular noteworthy are groups of four people who worked for riveting. It was usually Mohawk people who scored over 800 nits per day and threw on the 300-meter height metal parts over 40 meters distance captured with funnel-shaped gloves. The working day began at 3:30 am and ended at 16:30 in the afternoon.

Empire State Building

04)  Napoleon was a close friend of Washington …

The 331 000 tonnes of heavy building is carried by 210 steel – or concrete pillars. The steel columns were empty interior are often electrical wiring or plumbing. For the houses indoor imported a colorful kind of limestone from Germany. Photos of the construction workers who work on the steel structure became known throughout the world and is still used today in advertising purposes. The significant photographer Lewis Hine hired by the developers and his album of Empire State Building construction are also counted as a milestone in the development of photography.

Empire State Building

05)  The number of accidents differs greatly …

At large construction sites also tend accidents happen. Especially in the 30s , when you had not at all the same security as you have today. According to various stories died fourteen workers at the construction site, but the official figure is five deaths.

06)  At first it was difficult to rent out office space …

On 1 May 1931 the building was inaugurated by President Herbert Hoover, but many offices were until the 1940s empty . Usually rented the lower parts out while the upper floors were only half-clear. Observation Platform which annually had over  a million visitors were at times more income than the rental of other housing parts

Empire State Building

07)  “The Great Depression” was finally over …

The building became known as the “Empty State Building” instead of “Empire State Building” because they had that kind of difficulty in the upper half leased. The house was nevertheless well-liked by the city’s inhabitants and is seen both then and today as a sign that the “Great Depression”was finally over.

08)  The mast lights up in different colors depending on the ceremony …

Today is the house tip a transmitter mast which every night is lit up in different colors. Typically, the color simple white but the US holidays, the red-white-blue , during the Christmas red and green at Halloween orange , the Valentine’s Day red , at the St. Patrick’s Day green , at home games of the New York Yankees blue-white and in Christopher Street Day is the rose .

Empire State Building

09)  A bomber crashed right into the building …

On July 28, 1945 collided an unarmed bomber aircraft of type B-25 Mitchell, flown by the pilot William F. Smith Jr., into the floor 79/80 on the north side of the Empire State Building. The collision, which claimed 14 people’s lives, was in severe fog. The skyscraper caught fire, but the fire was extinguished after about one hour and after repairs, the building could be re-opened.

Empire State Building

10)  Suicide and attacks …

After five people , in the space of three weeks , had taken his own life by jumping from the roof lookout , was established in 1947 , one three-meter high fence around the viewing platform. The fence deteriorating prospect but prevented future suicides. Similarly, 23 april the 1997 shot a man to seven tourists, then shoot himself to death. However, survived six of the tourists. The motive was adopted not to be political, but was said to be personal problems .

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